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Become a Web developer : Step-by-Step guide

The field of web development is experiencing rapid growth, presenting abundant prospects for individuals with a flair for creativity, innovation, and problem-solving. With the continuous expansion of online businesses, there is an increasing demand for competent web developers capable of constructing and managing websites that seamlessly integrate functionality and visual appeal.
become web developer
Summary

If you possess an interest in achieving success as a web developer, you have arrived at an opportune juncture. Within this comprehensive guide, we shall furnish you with a step-by-step roadmap, empowering you to embark upon a fulfilling and prosperous career in the realm of web development. Do not hesitate to read our article on what is really a web developer?

Step 1 : Learn the fundamentals of Web development

To embark upon the world of web development successfully, it is vital to grasp the fundamental concepts underlying this dynamic domain. Essentially, web development encompasses the art of constructing and maintaining websites through the utilization of coding languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Its core objective lies in crafting visually captivating, easily navigable, and functionally efficient web pages.

There are three core languages that every web developer needs to have a solid foundation in :

  1. HTML
  2. CSS
  3. JavaScript.

 

HTML is used to build the structure and content of a website, CSS is used to style it, and JavaScript is used to add interactivity and dynamic functionality.

HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is the foundation of every web page. It provides the structure and content of the website, including headings, paragraphs, images, and links. CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is used to style the website, including fonts, colors, and layout. JavaScript is a programming language that allows developers to add interactivity and dynamic functionality to web pages, such as animations, pop-ups, and form validation.

Video ressource : Code your first website with HTML & CSS

2 main types of web development

  • Front-end development deals with the visual appearance of websites.
  • Back-end development involves the behind-the-scenes programming that makes websites function.

By mastering both front-end and back-end development, you’ll have the skills to build and maintain entire websites from scratch.

Front-end vs. Back-end Development

Front-end development is responsible for the user experience of a website. It involves designing and implementing the user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) of a website. This includes creating layouts, selecting fonts and colors, and designing buttons and other interactive elements.

Back-end development, on the other hand, involves developing the server-side of a website. This includes creating and managing databases, handling server requests and responses, and ensuring that the website is secure and scalable. Back-end developers need to have a strong understanding of programming languages such as PHP, Python, Ruby, or Java, as well as frameworks such as Node.js and Flask.

By combining front-end and back-end development skills, web developers can create websites that are both visually appealing and functional, providing a seamless user experience for visitors.

Step 2 : Master a server-side language

Master a language for web

Web developers may also need to learn other programming languages such as PHP, Python, Ruby, or Java, depending on their specialization. These languages are used for back-end development and can help developers create complex server-side applications and databases.

Server side language

In the realm of web development, a server-side language refers to a type of programming language that runs on the server-side of a web application. These languages enable the creation of dynamic content that responds to user requests and actions. This article aims to provide a clear definition of server-side languages and their role in web development.

To put it simply, the server-side of a web application is responsible for handling user requests, processing them, communicating with databases and generating dynamic content. When a user submits a request, the server-side language processes it by retrieving relevant data from databases and generating a response to be sent back to the user.

Which is the best language for server-side?

There are several popular server-side languages to choose from, including PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, and JavaScript (with Node.js). Each language has its own syntax, features, and ecosystem. Consider factors such as community support, available libraries and frameworks, and job market demand when selecting a server-side language to learn.

1) PHP

Advantages ✅ : 

  • Better for Beginners: Because it doesn’t require a long time to get to grips with, PHP is considered one of the easier scripting languages to begin your journey into web development. It’s syntax is straight forward and intuitive. Command functions are easy to understand and explain to the developer the function they perform. This makes it easier for the web developer to create exactly what they want.
  • Cost Efficient:PHP is open source! A fancy way of saying its free for anyone to use. This eliminates any annoying expenses on scripting language software or licenses. It also works conveniently with a number of databases such Apache, MySQL and PostgreSQL. The cost of developing a website is lower than other web development software.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Performance and Scalability: PHP has faced scrutiny due to its limitations in terms of performance and scalability. When compared to programming languages such as Java or Node.js, PHP may exhibit slower performance when dealing with extensive workloads and high-traffic websites.
  • Security Vulnerabilities: PHP has historically been associated with a higher prevalence of security vulnerabilities in comparison to certain other programming languages. This can be attributed, in part, to PHP’s widespread popularity, which makes it an enticing target for hackers.

 

2) Python

Advantages ✅ :

  • Enhanced Readability and Maintainability: Python is renowned for its clear and easily understandable syntax, making it simpler to write and comprehend code. This readability significantly contributes to the improved maintainability of web applications, as developers can swiftly grasp the logic and structure of the codebase.
  • Diverse Ecosystem and Frameworks: Python enjoys the advantages of a broad ecosystem encompassing libraries, frameworks, and tools that are purpose-built for web development. Prominent web frameworks like Django and Flask offer robust solutions for effortlessly constructing scalable and secure web applications.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Performance: Despite its advantages in development speed and ease of use, Python is generally regarded as having relatively slower performance compared to languages like C++ or Java. Python is an interpreted language, necessitating an interpreter to execute the code, which leads to slower execution times in comparison to compiled languages.
  • Global Interpreter Lock (GIL): Python’s Global Interpreter Lock (GIL) is a mechanism that allows only one thread to execute Python bytecode at a time, even on systems with multiple cores. This restriction prevents Python from effectively harnessing the full power of multiple cores and achieving genuine parallelism in CPU-bound tasks.

 

3) Ruby

Advantages ✅ :

  • Graceful and Expressive Syntax: Ruby is celebrated for its graceful and expressive syntax, emphasizing readability and simplicity. The language is crafted with the intention of prioritizing developer satisfaction and productivity by offering a clean and intuitive syntax that closely resembles natural language.
  • Rails Framework: Ruby on Rails, often referred to as Rails, stands as a powerful and widely embraced web application framework constructed using Ruby. Rails adheres to the principle of convention over configuration, meaning it offers sensible defaults and predefined conventions that minimize the need for manual configuration during web development.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Performance: Ruby, being an interpreted language, relies on an interpreter to execute its code. This interpretation process can lead to comparatively slower performance when compared to compiled languages such as C++ or Java. Ruby’s performance, particularly in terms of execution speed, is often regarded as slower in comparison to some other widely-used web development languages.
  • Scalability: Ruby’s scalability can present challenges when it comes to managing high-traffic websites or scaling applications. While Ruby on Rails offers scalability features and frameworks like Unicorn or Puma for handling concurrent requests, scaling Ruby applications can be more demanding in comparison to certain other languages and frameworks. Ruby’s thread handling, specifically, has limitations due to its reliance on a global interpreter lock (GIL) that restricts true parallel execution.

 

4) Java

Advantages ✅ :

  • Portability and Platform Independence: Java possesses a notable advantage in its platform independence. Java applications have the ability to operate on any platform that supports a Java Virtual Machine (JVM). This signifies that Java web applications can be developed and deployed across diverse operating systems, such as Windows, macOS, and Linux, without necessitating significant modifications to the underlying code.
  • Robust and Scalable Architecture: Java is widely recognized for its robustness and scalability. The language excels in supporting the creation of enterprise-level web applications and managing large-scale systems. Java’s robustness is attributed to its strong type system, effective exception handling mechanisms, and automatic memory management, all contributing to the development of reliable and stable web applications.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Verbosity and Learning Curve: Java often faces criticism for its verbosity, which implies that it necessitates a larger volume of code compared to other languages to achieve similar tasks. Consequently, this can lead to lengthier development periods and more intricate codebases.
  • Memory Consumption: Java employs an automatic memory management system, known as the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) garbage collector, which takes care of memory allocation and deallocation automatically.

 

Step 3 : Get comfortable with databases

Learn how to work with databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, or PostgreSQL. Understand concepts like data modeling, querying, and connecting your web applications to a database.

Purpose of a database

Databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL play a crucial role in efficiently storing, organizing, and managing structured or unstructured data. These databases serve as reliable and scalable solutions for storing vast amounts of information across a wide range of applications, from small-scale projects to enterprise-level systems. MySQL, a traditional table-based Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), is widely utilized for web applications and content management systems. MongoDB, on the other hand, is a NoSQL database that excels in handling unstructured or semi-structured data, offering exceptional performance and scalability.

As for PostgreSQL, it stands out as an advanced open-source RDBMS capable of handling both structured and unstructured data. Renowned for its reliability and support for complex queries, PostgreSQL serves as a robust choice for various applications. Together, these databases ensure efficient data storage and management, catering to the diverse needs of different applications and data structures.

What are the different types of databases?

Web development databases can be categorized into different types based on their underlying data models and storage mechanisms

  • Relational Databases: Relational databases are structured databases that organize data into tables with predefined relationships between them. Popular examples of relational database management systems (RDBMS) include MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, and Microsoft SQL Server.
  • NoSQL Databases: NoSQL (Not Only SQL) databases are non-relational databases that offer flexible data models and scalability. They are designed to handle large volumes of unstructured or semi-structured data and are suitable for applications that require high-speed data access and horizontal scalability. MongoDB, Cassandra, Redis, and Couchbase are some examples of NoSQL databases.
  • Graph Databases: Graph databases are specifically designed to efficiently represent and store relationships between data entities. They excel at handling complex and interconnected data structures, making them ideal for applications like social networks, recommendation systems, or knowledge graphs.
  • Key-Value Stores: Key-value stores are simple databases that store data as key-value pairs. They offer fast access to data based on a unique key. Key-value stores are suitable for caching, session management, and storing unstructured data. Redis, Amazon DynamoDB, and Apache Cassandra (which also falls under the NoSQL category) are commonly used key-value stores.
  • Columnar Databases: Columnar databases organize data by columns rather than rows, enabling efficient data compression and retrieval. They are well-suited for analytical workloads and applications that require aggregations and querying of large datasets. Apache Cassandra (also a NoSQL database), Apache HBase, and Google Bigtable are examples of columnar databases.

 

These are just a few examples, and there are other database types and variations available, each with its own strengths and use cases. The choice of database depends on factors such as data structure, scalability needs, performance requirements, and specific application demands.

What are database schemas ?

Understand the concept of database schemas, which define the structure and conveniently of tables, columns, and relationships within a database. Consider how to design effective schemas that represent your application’s data accurately.

Video ressource : Learn to query a database

Step 4 : Use Frameworks

Web development frameworks and libraries are pre-written, reusable code that simplifies the development process. These tools can help developers save time and effort by providing pre-built components and functionality that can be easily integrated into their projects.

Front-end frameworks

Front-end frameworks such as React, Angular, Vue, and Ember are widely used for building complex user interfaces and web applications. These frameworks provide developers with a set of tools and components that can be used to create responsive and dynamic web pages.

1) React

Advantages ✅ :

  • Component based architecture: React follows a component-based architecture, which means that the user interface is divided into reusable components. This approach offers several benefits. Firstly, it promotes code reusability, as components can be easily used in multiple parts of the application, reducing duplication and improving maintainability. Secondly, it simplifies the development process by allowing developers to focus on building and managing individual components, each with its own state and behavior.
  • Virtual DOM and Efficient Rendering: React makes use of a virtual DOM (Document Object Model), which is a representation of the actual DOM stored in memory. Instead of directly modifying the real DOM, React updates the virtual DOM and efficiently calculates the minimal changes needed to update the real DOM.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Steep Learning Curve: React can present a steep learning curve, particularly for developers who are new to the framework or have limited experience with JavaScript. React introduces various new concepts, including JSX (JavaScript XML), component lifecycle methods, and the virtual DOM. Gaining a thorough understanding of these concepts demands time and dedication.
  • Complex Setup and Configuration: React is a library rather than a full-featured framework. As a result, setting up a complete web application using React often involves additional steps and configuration. Developers need to configure build tools such as webpack or Babel and make choices regarding state management, routing, and styling.

 

2) Angular

Advantages ✅ :

  • Full-Featured Framework: Angular is a comprehensive front-end framework that offers a complete solution for developing robust and scalable web applications. It comes with a wide range of built-in features and tools, including a powerful templating engine, two-way data binding, dependency injection, routing, form handling, and integrated testing capabilities.
  • TypeScript Integration: Angular utilizes TypeScript, which is a statically typed superset of JavaScript. TypeScript extends JavaScript by introducing optional static typing, interfaces, classes, and other advanced features. Firstly, TypeScript improves code maintainability, reliability, and developer productivity. By providing static typing, TypeScript enables catching errors at compile-time, reducing the likelihood of runtime errors. Secondly, TypeScript facilitates a more structured and scalable development approach. With features such as interfaces and classes, developers can create reusable and maintainable code. TypeScript’s static typing also aids in managing large codebases and promotes collaboration in team environments.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Challenges and Burden: Despite the benefits of Angular’s comprehensive nature, it can pose challenges in certain situations. The vast array of features and tools offered by Angular brings along a degree of complexity and burden.
  • Excessive Wordiness: Angular has gained a reputation for being verbose, indicating that it demands a substantial amount of code to execute straightforward tasks. The syntax and structure of Angular can be excessively wordy, necessitating the inclusion of boilerplate code even for fundamental functionalities.

 

3) Vue.js

Advantages ✅ :

  • User-Friendly Learning Experience: Vue.js offers a user-friendly learning curve, making it accessible to developers of all skill levels, whether seasoned or beginners. Its syntax and structure are simple and intuitive, resembling standard HTML and JavaScript. Vue.js empowers developers to gradually embrace its features, allowing them to start small and progressively enhance their applications.
  • Efficiency and Performance Emphasis: Vue.js excels in being lightweight and prioritizing performance. The core library of the framework is remarkably small, measuring only around 20KB, thereby facilitating swift initial loading and effective resource management. Vue.js leverages a Virtual DOM (VDOM) implementation, which intelligently updates solely the essential components in response to data changes, leading to optimized rendering performance.

 

Disadvantages  ❌ :

  • Limited Ecosystem: Despite Vue.js gaining considerable popularity in recent times, its ecosystem remains relatively smaller in comparison to major frameworks such as Angular or React.
  • Restricted Enterprise Adoption: While Vue.js enjoys significant usage across numerous projects, its adoption within large enterprise environments may be comparatively limited when compared to well-established frameworks like Angular.

 

4) Ember.js

Advantages ✅ :

  • Emphasis on Convention: Ember.js adheres to the philosophy of “convention over configuration,” prioritizing sensible defaults and established conventions for code organization and structure. This approach minimizes the requirement for manual configuration and decision-making, simplifying the onboarding process for developers and promoting consistency across projects.
  • All-Inclusive Approach: Ember.js embraces an all-inclusive philosophy, providing a comprehensive suite of tools, libraries, and features right from the start. With Ember.js, developers have access to a robust routing system, efficient data management through Ember Data, a powerful template language called Handlebars, and a dedicated testing framework known as Ember Testing, along with other essential components.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Structured Approach and Trade-offs: While Ember.js’s pronounced conventions can offer benefits in certain projects, they can also impose limitations in specific scenarios. The framework exhibits a strongly opinionated structure, which might not perfectly align with the unique requirements or preferences of every project. Introducing customizations or deviating from Ember.js’s conventions may demand additional effort and prove more challenging to implement compared to more flexible frameworks.
  • Considerable File Size: In comparison to certain other front-end frameworks, Ember.js exhibits a larger file size. Consequently, this can lead to extended initial loading times for applications, particularly for users with slower internet connections or those accessing applications via mobile devices.

 

Back-end frameworks

Back-end frameworks like Node.js and Flask are essential for building server-side applications. These frameworks provide developers with a set of tools and libraries that can be used to create scalable and secure web applications.

1) Flask

Advantages ✅ :

  • Simplicity and Efficiency: Flask is renowned for its lightweight and minimalistic nature, making it effortlessly comprehensible, learnable, and usable. Its design follows a straightforward and intuitive approach, prioritizing the essential functionalities required for web development without burdening developers with excessive overhead or needless complexity.
  • Adaptable and Expandable: Flask is highly regarded for its remarkable adaptability and expandability, granting developers the freedom to customize and fine-tune the framework to suit their specific project requisites. Its modular design fosters seamless integration with an array of extensions and libraries, augmenting the capabilities of Flask.

 

Disadvantages ❌:

  • Limited Intrinsic Functionality: While Flask’s minimalistic design appeals to many developers, it can present challenges in terms of built-in functionality. Unlike more extensive frameworks, Flask does not provide certain features as part of its core package, such as database abstraction layers or authentication systems.
  • Absence of Prescribed Structure: Flask grants developers a significant level of freedom and flexibility, which, in turn, can sometimes result in inconsistencies and a lack of standardized structure across various Flask projects.

 

2) Ruby on Rails

Advantages ✅ :

  • Efficiency in Development and Enhanced Productivity: Ruby on Rails has garnered widespread acclaim for its commitment to enhancing developer productivity and enabling rapid development. The framework’s elegance and straightforward syntax, influenced by the Ruby programming language, empower developers to produce clean, concise, and easily maintainable code. Ruby on Rails offers an extensive array of pre-built features and libraries, including database ORM (Active Record), request routing, form handling, and authentication.
  • Thriving and Experienced Community: Ruby on Rails thrives due to its mature and dynamic community of developers and contributors. With over a decade of existence, the framework has attracted a substantial and dedicated community that actively supports and enriches its ecosystem.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Transitioning for Non-Ruby Developers: As Ruby on Rails is constructed upon the Ruby programming language, developers without prior experience in Ruby may encounter a learning curve when working with the framework. While Ruby’s syntax is acknowledged for its elegance and readability, it necessitates developers to acquaint themselves with the language’s distinct conventions and idiomatic expressions.
  • Performance Considerations for Scalability: Although Ruby on Rails excels in its developer-friendly features and rapid prototyping capabilities, it may encounter performance challenges when scaling applications to handle substantial traffic or complex workflows.

 

3) Django

Advantages ✅ :

  • Powerful and Scalable: Django is a powerful and scalable framework specifically crafted to handle intricate web applications with substantial traffic and demanding needs. It offers an extensive range of pre-built features and tools, including an ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) layer, an authentication system, form handling, and an admin interface. These capabilities enable developers to construct applications swiftly and efficiently, all while upholding code quality and adhering to industry best practices.
  • Emphasis on Security and Integrated Protection: Django prioritizes security and integrates built-in safeguards against prevalent web vulnerabilities. The framework incorporates multiple security features, including defenses against cross-site scripting (XSS), cross-site request forgery (CSRF), and SQL injection attacks.

 

Disadvantages ❌ :

  • Overhead for Simple Projects: Django, being a comprehensive framework tailored for handling intricate applications, may introduce unnecessary complexity when used for small or simple projects. Its extensive range of pre-built features and conventions can be overwhelming and burdensome for projects that do not necessitate all of its capabilities.
  • Challenging Learning Curve: Django presents a challenging learning curve, particularly for developers who are unfamiliar with the framework or the Python programming language. Despite the availability of comprehensive documentation and a vast community, acquiring a solid understanding of Django’s concepts, conventions, and best practices demands a considerable amount of time and effort.

Step 5 : Familiarize yourself with version control systems

VSC (Version control system)

A version control system (VCS) is a software tool that tracks and manages the modifications made to code over time. It acts as a central repository where developers can store, organize, and collaborate on their codebase. VCS enables multiple developers to work simultaneously by offering features like branching and merging.

Video ressource : Git and GitHub for Beginners

Step 6 : Understand the principles of responsive design

Responsive design

Responsive design is an approach and technique used to create websites and applications that can adapt and respond to different screen sizes and devices. Its primary goal is to ensure an optimal user experience by dynamically adjusting the layout, content, and visual elements of a website or application based on the device being used.

What is UI and UX in web design ?

UI, short for User Interface, refers to the visual design and presentation of a website or application. It includes elements such as layout, colors, typography, buttons, icons, and interactive components that users interact with. The goal of UI design is to create an appealing and intuitive interface that enhances usability and enables users to navigate and interact with the website or application easily.

UX, short for User Experience, focuses on the overall experience and satisfaction users have when interacting with a website or application. It involves understanding user behaviors, needs, and goals to design and optimize the usability, accessibility, and efficiency of the interface. UX design includes factors like information architecture, interaction design, user flows, and usability testing.

Step 7 : Building Your Web Development Skills

Now it’s time to start building your skillset. Here are some effective ways to improve your web development skills.

Skills needed to become a successful web developer

Becoming a successful web developer requires a combination of technical prowess and soft skills. Let’s delve into the different Developer Skills you should have:

Technical Skills :

  • Mastery of coding languages
  • Knowledge of web development frameworks
  • Proficiency in responsive design
  • Command of version control
  • Familiarity with web development tools

 

Soft Skills :

  • Problem-solving acumen
  • Attention to meticulousness
  • Commitment to continuous learning
  • Effective collaboration
  • Skillful time management
  • Creative flair

 

But we could also add some good communication skills, project management, programming skills and graphic design skills.

Ways to choose :

  • Free Online courses are a great way to learn web development at your own pace. Make sure to choose courses that align with your learning objectives and provide hands-on coding experience. Le Wagon provide online courses which allow you to learn to code for free
  • Web development bootcamps are intensive, short-term programs that provide immersive learning experiences in web development. They are an excellent choice to accelerate your learning, gain practical coding experience, and build a network of like-minded peers.

Coding bootcamp vs Degree

When it comes to pursuing a career in tech, the options can be overwhelming. With so many paths to choose from, it’s easy to feel unsure about which direction to take. Two of the most popular choices for aspiring developers are attending a coding bootcamp or pursuing a traditional degree. But what’s the difference, and which one is right for you?

Let’s start with coding bootcamps. These programs are designed to provide a fast-track to a career in tech by offering intensive training in a specific area of expertise. They are usually shorter than traditional degrees, lasting anywhere from a few weeks to a few months, and often focus on practical, job-specific skills.

One of the biggest advantages of attending a coding bootcamp is the speed at which you can acquire the skills you need to land a job in tech. Bootcamps are a good choice for people who want an highly immersive experience and offer a more hands-on approach to learning process. They are taught by industry professionals who are up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies, and often have connections to companies that are looking to hire new talent.

So, which one is right for you? Ultimately, it depends on your goals and learning style. If you are looking for a fast-track to a job in tech and prefer a more hands-on approach to learning, a coding bootcamp may be the right choice. If you’re interested in a more comprehensive education and want to explore a wider range of topics, pursuing a traditional degree may be the way to go.

Step 8 : Choose your specialization

Specializing in a particular area of web development can be the key to unlocking your true potential as a developer. By focusing your efforts on a specific aspect of web development, you can dive deeper into the nuances of that field and become an expert in your own right. Whether it’s front-end development, back-end development, or a particular programming language, choosing a specialization can give you the edge you need to stand out in a crowded market.

1) Front-end Web Developer

In the realm of web development, the role of a front-end developer encompasses the exciting task of crafting and shaping the user interface and experience of websites or applications.This involves creating visually appealing layouts, responsive designs, and interactive elements using front-end technologies such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Front-end developer need to have a solid understanding of user experience design and should be familiar with front-end frameworks such as React and Angular. The average income for a front-end developer in the UK, according to Payscale, is around £28,000 to £48,000 per year.

2) Back-end developer

A back-end developer is responsible for creating and maintaining the server-side of a website or application. This involves developing the database, server-side scripting, and APIs, and making sure that the application runs smoothly and efficiently. Back-end developers typically use programming languages such as PHP, Python, or Ruby and should have a good understanding of database management systems such as MySQL or PostgreSQL. The average salary for a back-end developer in the UK is around £24,000 to £59,000 per year.

3) Full-stack developer

A Full-stack developer is responsible for both the front-end and back-end development of a website or application. This requires a broad range of skills including web design, programming, and database management. Full-stack developers are proficient in both front-end technologies such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and back-end technologies such as PHP, Python, or Ruby. They should also be familiar with front-end and back-end frameworks such as React and Laravel. The average income for a full-stack developer in the UK is around £23,000 to £68,000 per year.

4) Software developer

Within the realm of software development, the esteemed role of a software developer encompasses a multifaceted responsibility of envisioning, crafting, and nurturing software applications.This can involve writing code, testing software, and debugging any issues that arise. Software developers use programming languages such as Java, Python, or C++ and should have a good understanding of software development principles and best practices. They also need to be familiar with development tools such as Git and JIRA. The average salary for a software developer in the UK is around £25,000 to £61,000 per year.

Step 9 : Build a portfolio

The best way to solidify your web development skills is by building your own projects. Use your creative ideas to develop websites or applications that showcase your abilities and passion. Doing so not only enhances your coding skills, but also helps you build a personal brand and stand out from other job applicants.

Creating a Portfolio Website

A portfolio website is a collection of your best work that showcases your skills and talents as a web developer. It’s an essential tool for landing freelance gigs or full-time positions. Here are some tips for creating an effective portfolio website:

Importance of a Portfolio for Web Developers

A portfolio is the best way to demonstrate your programming skills to potential employers or clients. It shows that you have hands-on experience in developing websites and provides proof of the quality of your work. Without a portfolio, it can be challenging to stand out from other candidates in the competitive job market.

Showcasing Your Skills and Projects

When creating your portfolio website, it’s important to showcase your skills and projects in an attractive and user-friendly way. Use a simple, clean design that showcases your work without detracting from it. Make sure your website is responsive and optimized for various devices and browsers to ensure maximum accessibility.

Tips for Designing an Effective Portfolio

Finally, pay attention to the details. Use descriptive titles and descriptions for each project and list the technologies used for each project. Be sure to include a call-to-action that encourages visitors to contact you for work opportunities. Additionally, use analytics to track visitor behavior and continually improve your portfolio’s performance.

Step 10 : Start your career in tech industry

Update your resume and online presence

Craft a professional resume that highlights your relevant key skills, experience, and education. Create an online presence by setting up a personal website or using platforms like LinkedIn and GitHub to showcase your work and connect with others in the industry.

Utilize job search platforms

Explore popular job search platforms such as Indeed, LinkedIn Jobs, Glassdoor, and Stack Overflow Jobs. Customize your search filters to find web developer positions that align with your skills and preferences. Save job alerts to receive notifications about new openings.

Networking

Networking can be a valuable tool for finding job opportunities. Attend web development meetups, conferences, and industry events to connect with professionals in the field. Join online communities, forums, and social media groups related to web development to expand your network and stay updated on job openings.

Company websites and job boards

Visit the websites of companies you’re interested in working for. Many organizations list job openings on their websites, allowing you to apply directly. Additionally, check specialized job boards that focus on web development positions, such as GitHub Jobs or Authentic Jobs.

Internships and freelance projects

Consider gaining practical experience through internships or freelance projects. These opportunities can provide valuable real-world experience, help you expand your portfolio, and potentially lead to full-time employment or referrals.

Most common questions

How long does it take to become a web developer?

Embarking on the journey to become a web developer can lead to an exciting career path. However, the time it takes to acquire the necessary skills can vary depending on the learning path you choose.

Web development bootcamps are a popular option for those seeking a quick route to qualifying for a web developer job. These intensive courses typically last around 3-4 months and offer a comprehensive curriculum that covers all the skills needed to excel in the field.

On the other hand, learning web development through online courses can take anywhere from a month to several years. This range in time depends on the amount of time and effort you devote to your courses. The benefit of online courses is the flexibility to learn at your own pace and the ability to customize your learning experience to fit your schedule.

Can I become a web developer at 40?

Age should never hold anyone back from pursuing their dream career as a web developer. Whether you’re in your twenties, thirties, forties, or beyond, it’s never too late to dive headfirst into the world of web development.

The beauty of this field is that it values skills and experience above all else. And while it is true that younger individuals may have a natural affinity for technology, that doesn’t mean that older individuals can’t be just as adept at coding and creating stunning websites. In fact, having a wealth of life experience and diverse skills can be a huge asset when it comes to problem-solving and thinking outside of the box.

Is it hard to find a web developer job ?

In today’s digital age, web development is a booming field with immense job opportunities. While it is true that the job market is competitive, it is certainly not hard to find a web developer job if you possess the necessary skills and qualifications.

Can I become web developer in 1 year?

To set yourself up for success, you need to have a clear vision of what you want to achieve. Identify your goals and create a roadmap to reach them. Next, devise a learning plan that works for you. With a plethora of online courses, boot camps, and self-study resources available, there is no shortage of learning options to choose from.

Is it worth becoming a web developer in 2023?

Absolutely! In fact, becoming a web developer in 2023 could be one of the best decisions you ever make. The digital landscape is constantly evolving, and as more and more businesses move online, the demand for web developers is only going to increase.

What is a web developer salary UK?

While it is true that the average web developer salary in the UK stands at £34,284, it is important to remember that this figure represents the median range across various industries and experience levels. The realm of web development offers a vast array of opportunities for ambitious individuals to soar beyond average expectations and earn a higher income. Also, the income will also depends of your position / career path as junior developers won’t earn the same salary than a senior developer or more experienced developers for obvious reasons.

what is a web3 developer ?

A Web3 developer is an expert who specialises in crafting decentralised applications (dApps) that employ blockchain technology. The term Web3 denotes the upcoming generation of the internet, wherein authority and control are decentralised, granting users greater privacy and authority over their data.

Conclusion

Becoming a web developer takes time, effort, and dedication. By following this step-by-step guide and consistently learning and building your skills, you can carve out a rewarding career in web development. Remember to always stay curious, keep learning, and never give up when it gets tough. With the right mindset and attitude, success in web development is only a matter of time.

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