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How to Learn Github – video masterclass

Github has revolutionized software development by streamlining version control and facilitating collaboration. This powerful platform allows developers to work in unison, merging code changes seamlessly and maintaining version histories of project files. This blog post provides a comprehensive guide for beginners to learn Github and effectively collaborate using its many features. If you're seeking a deeper dive into web development and coding practices, we encourage you to enroll in our intro to Git & Github.
Learning Github
Summary

1) Getting Started with Github

Setting up a Github account is your first step towards tapping into this collaborative software development ecosystem. Github hosts both public and private repositories, providing a centralized location for your software projects.

In Github, your project’s content resides in a repository or ‘repo’. Repositories can host code files, images, and even configuration files. The process of creating a new repository is simple.

Just click the ‘+’ icon next to your profile photo on Github and select ‘New repository’. After entering a name for your repository, you can initialize it with a README file that contains details about your project.

Understanding Github terminology is crucial for efficient collaboration. A repository is essentially a directory or storage space where your project lives. Each repository consists of branches, which are simply different versions of the repository at different points in time.

Basic Github commands, such as ‘git init’ to initialize a repository, ‘git add’ to track files, and ‘git commit’ to save changes, provide a foundation to interact with Github. The ‘git pull’ command synchronizes your local repository with the remote repository, ensuring you always work on the most recent version of the project.

Step Description
Step 1: Setting up Github Account The initial step to tap into the Github ecosystem, allows you to create and access public and private repositories.
Step 2: Understanding Repositories In Github, project content lives in a repository or ‘repo’. Repositories can contain code files, images, configuration files, etc. Each repository has branches representing different versions of the repository at different points in time.
Step 3: Creating a New Repository This is done by clicking the ‘+’ icon next to your profile photo on Github, selecting ‘New repository’, and providing a name for the repository. Optionally, a repository can be initialized with a README file describing the project.
Step 4: Basic Github Commands These are essential commands to interact with Github. ‘git init’ is used to initialize a repository, ‘git add’ to track files, and ‘git commit’ to save changes. ‘git pull’ is used to sync your local repository with the remote repository, ensuring you’re working on the latest version.

2) Github Workflow

The Github workflow enables multiple developers to work on a project without stepping on each other’s toes. It all starts with creating a new branch from the default (or master) branch, where you can safely make changes without affecting the main project.

Changes to files are committed with descriptive messages, providing a log of what each commit achieves. This can be done using the ‘git commit’ command followed by a message describing your changes.

However, you may sometimes encounter merge conflicts when trying to merge branches. These conflicts happen when the same part of a file is changed in two different branches. Git will not decide for you; instead, it’ll need human intervention to decide which changes to keep.

Stage Description
Create a Branch This is the starting point of the Github workflow. A new branch is created from the default or master branch to ensure changes don’t impact the main project.
Make Changes Changes are made to the files in the new branch. These alterations should not affect the main project.
Commit Changes The ‘git commit’ command is used to commit the changes, accompanied by descriptive messages. This provides a log of what each commit achieves.
Merge Conflicts These occur when the same part of a file is altered in two different branches. Git cannot resolve these on its own, necessitating human intervention to determine which changes to retain.

3) Collaboration with Github

Collaboration is where Github truly shines. Pull requests are proposals to make changes to the code. They are a way of submitting your modifications for review. After you’ve made changes on a branch and pushed them to Github, you can open a pull request. Your teammates can review the proposed changes, discuss modifications, and even push follow-up commits before the changes are merged into the main project.

4) Advanced Github Features

Github isn’t just a repository hosting service. It also boasts advanced features like Github integrations, Github Pages, and Github Actions. Github integrations allow the service to function seamlessly with other applications, enhancing workflow and productivity. Github Pages is a static site hosting service that takes files straight from your repository and turns them into a website. Finally, Github Actions enables you to automate workflows, letting you build, test, and deploy your projects right from Github.

5) Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are source projects and how do they relate to git repositories?

Source projects are original pieces of code or software that developers work on. They are stored and managed in git repositories, which serve as a database for all changes and versions of the project. GitHub, a cloud-based tool, provides public repositories for open source projects.

2. What is the command line tool in GitHub, and what are some of its powerful features?

The command line tool in GitHub refers to Git, which was developed by Linus Torvalds for project management of the Linux kernel. Some of its powerful features include branching, version control, and code reviews, enabling collaborative coding even at challenging levels.

3. How do previous versions of the code base come into play during code reviews?

Previous versions of the code are crucial during code reviews. Reviewers can compare the current piece of code with its previous versions to check for errors, improvements, and changes. This practice ensures the quality of the code over time.

4. how to use the branch command and create a new branch for testing?

To create a new branch (let’s call it ‘feature-work’), you would:

  • Check the current branch you’re on using the command: git branch.
  • Create a new branch using the command: git branch feature-work.
  • Switch to your new branch using the command: git checkout feature-work.

Now, any changes you make will be in this branch separate from the default branch. Always remember to keep your feature work separate from the primary branch until it’s ready to be merged.

5. What is the GitHub Codespace, and how can it be used in learning Git & GitHub?

GitHub Codespaces is a feature of GitHub that allows you to develop entirely in the cloud, eliminating the need for local environments. It’s an excellent tool for learning Git & GitHub as it provides an advanced development platform for hands-on projects and exercises.

6. Are there online courses available for beginners to learn key concepts of Git & GitHub?

Absolutely, there are many comprehensive courses available online to learn Git & GitHub. These include step-by-step tutorials, hands-on projects, quizzes, and even advanced tutorials for more in-depth understanding. They are an affordable resource and excellent for developers of all levels. Visit our free Git & Github course

7. Can you explain the concept of version control and why it is an essential tool for code documentation?

A: Version control systems, like Git, track and manage changes to a code base over time. It allows multiple developers to work on a project without overriding each other’s changes, and it maintains a history of all past versions of the code. This feature is crucial for code documentation as it provides a clear and organized view of the code’s progression and changes.

8. Is GitHub just a git hosting tool or more than that?

A: GitHub is much more than just a git hosting tool. While it is a core hosting platform for git repositories, it also includes features like bug tracking, feature requests, task management, and wikis for every project. GitHub thus acts as a collaborative web-based platform for both version control and project management.

6) Conclusion

Understanding and utilizing Github is pivotal in today’s software development landscape. It provides an excellent platform for code management, collaboration, and version control, which are all key features for any developer or team. With this guide, you should have a good foundation to start using Github effectively in your projects.

But don’t stop here. Delve deeper into the world of web development, learn Github intricacies, and acquire hands-on experience with real projects by enrolling in our Web Development Bootcamp today. Here’s to your journey of mastering Github and becoming an efficient software developer!

Remember, practice is key when it comes to mastering Github or any other software tool. Keep exploring, keep coding, and stay committed to your learning journey. You’ll soon find yourself at ease with Github, confidently managing your code repositories and collaborating with other developers seamlessly. So, are you ready to take the next step and learn Github inside out? Join our Web Development Bootcamp and elevate your software development skills to new heights.

Now that you know Github, what about Javascript ? Do you know the error types and how to deal with them ? Understanding JavaScript error types

knowing Github is essential for any web developer. If you want to become a pro, look at our web developer bootcamp.

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